JAMES A GARFIELD
Garfield was born November 19, 1831, in a log cabin built
by his father in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, southeast of Cleveland. His
father was Abram Garfield (1799-1833), farmer. His mother was Eliza Ballou
James was the youngest of four children. He had two sisters
and a brother-Mrs. Mehitabel “Hitty” Trowbridge, Thomas Garfield and Mrs.
James Garfield married Lucretia “Crete” Rudolph when he
they were 26 years of age. They had four sons and a daughter-Harry Augustus
Garfield (1863-1942), lawyer, educator, public official., James Rudolph Garfield
(1865-1950), lawyer, public official., Mary “Mollie” Garfield (1867-1947),
Irvin McDowell Garfield (1870-1951), lawyer. And Abram Garfield (1872-1958),
Garfield served in the Union Army from August
1861 to December 1863, rising from lieutenant colonel to Major General
during the civil war. He learned the fundamentals of his education at a district
school near his home in Orange Township, Ohio. During 1849-1850 he attended
Gauga Academy at Chester, Ohio. In 1851 he enrolled at the Eclectic Institute at
Hiram, Ohio. In 1854 he entered Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts
where he graduated with honors in the class of 1856.
On graduation of the Williams institute he returned to the
Eclectic Institute at Hiram, Ohio, as an instructor in classical languages from
1856 to 1857 and president of the Institute from 1857 to 1861. He studied law on
his own for two years and was admitted to the bar in 1860. He served as: Ohio
State Senator (1859-1861) and U.S. Representative (1863-1880) elected to
congress while still in the armed forces.
James Garfield received the presidential nomination in 1880
as Republicans convened in Chicago in June of that year. He ran for the
presidency against Winfield S. Hancock which he defeated. His vice-president was
Chester A. Arthur (1829-1886), of New York who served March to September 1881
and succeeded him up on his assassination.
Garfield was assassinated in July 2, 1881, 9:30 A.M. by Charles J. Guiteau, a 39 years old that had supported him in the 1880 election. The disappointed office seeker, mentally unstable for some time came to believe that Garfield most die.
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