Johnson was born December 29, 1808, in a one-story log
cottage on the grounds of Casso’s inn in Raleigh, North Carolina. His father
was Jacob Johnson (1778-1812) and his mother was Mary “Polly” McDonough
Johnson (1783-1856). He had one brother-William Johnson, a carpenter, settled in
Texas, where he opposed Secession.
Andrew married Eliza McCardle when he was 18 and she was 16
years of age, on May 17, 1827, at the home of the bride’s mother in
Greenville, Tennessee. They had Three Sons and Two Daughters, all born in
Greenville, Tennessee-Martha Johnson (1828-1891), Charles Johnson (1830-1863),
Mary Johnson (1832-1883), Robert Johnson (1834-1869) and Andrew Johnson Jr.
Andrew Johnson did not attend a single day of school.
Johnson taught himself to read. He served in the military when appointed by
president Abraham Lincoln Military Governor of Tennessee on March 4, 1862 and
served until 1865. Johnson served in other public positions-Alderman of
Greenville, TN (1828-1830); Mayor of Greenville, (1830-1833), Tennessee State
Senator (1841-1843), U.S. Representative (1843-1853), Governor of Tennessee
(1853-1857), U.S. Senator (1857-1862), Military Governor of Tennessee
(1862-1864) and Vice-president (march to April 1865).
Since he was the Vice-president, Johnson succeeded Abraham
Lincoln to the presidency after his assassination. He served as a president
until the end of the period (March 3, 1869). During his presidency, The United
States bought Alaska from Russia (1867) for 7.2 Million. Residents were granted
three years in which to decide whether to remain in Alaska as Americans or Move
to Russia to retain their citizenship
Johnson died July 31, 1875. Andrew was a victim of the Cholera epidemic of 1873 for which he never recovered. On July 28, 1875, while talking to his granddaughter at his daughter Mary Brown hose, he suffered a stroke. He regained consciousness; he ordered that no doctor or minister be called. The next day he suffered a second stroke and two days later he died.
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